The county also recently added "child safety zones" to its ordinance, which prohibits sex offenders from loitering within the feet extending from schools, day cares, parks and school bus stops. The Miami-Dade ordinance has received national attention for effectively forcing sex offenders into homelessness with over 70 offenders living underneath the Julia Tuttle Causeway Bridge. Currently, there more than municipalities in Florida that impose greater residency restrictions on convicted sex offenders than required by state law.
State law also places restrictions on where certain registered sex offenders may work. In cases where the victim was a minor, sex offenders cannot volunteer or work at any business, school, day care, park, playground or other place where children regularly are present. Sex offenders are treated uniquely under state and federal law as the only offenders whose punishment does not end once they have completed their court-imposed sentence.
For many, the punishments they suffer after finishing their sentences are much harsher than those they received from a judge. While the state's interest in monitoring the activities and limiting the contact with children of the most dangerous offenders is understandable, the law also makes it difficult for those who do not pose a risk of reoffending to re-enter society and attempt to re-establish their lives. Florida and other states need to recognize that not everyone who has been labeled as a sex offender poses the same risk to society and treating them all the same is a grave injustice.
If you or a loved one have been accused of a sex offense charge, contact an experienced sex crime defense attorney today at We offer flexible criminal defense payment plans for those who are currently fighting one or more criminal charges. We got your message! Our team will be texting you back at shortly. Be sure to check your phone! Florida Sex Offender Registration Requirements Florida has some of the most restrictive sex offender registration and sentencing laws in the nation.
These crimes include: Kidnapping False imprisonment Luring or enticing a child Sexual battery Unlawful sexual activity with certain minors Procuring person under age of 18 for prostitution Selling or buying of minors into sex trafficking or prostitution Lewd or lascivious offenses committed upon or in the presence of persons less than 16 years of age Lewd or lascivious offenses committed upon or in the presence of an elderly person or disabled person Sexual performance by a child Computer pornography Transmission of pornography by electronic device or equipment Transmission of material harmful to minors to a minor by electronic device or equipment Selling or buying of minors Sexual misconduct If the sex offender has been released from incarceration, then he or she is required to register in-person with the local sheriff's department within 48 hours of establishing residency in the state.
Some of the information the offender is required to provide includes: Name, age, date of birth Social Security number Height, weight, race, sex Eye color, hair color Address of current residence and place of work A recent photograph and fingerprints Description of the crime committed, where and when it was committed and the sentence received Those who have been convicted of an offense mandating registration as a sex offender in another state also must register with the Florida sex offender registry upon moving to Florida. Residency And Work Restrictions State and local law impose restrictions on where certain convicted sex offenders may live after serving their sentence.
Conclusion Sex offenders are treated uniquely under state and federal law as the only offenders whose punishment does not end once they have completed their court-imposed sentence. Related Content. Under the law sex offenders are not allowed to move into a place within 1, feet of a school, day care, park, or playground.
School bus stops are not included in that law. The Melbourne Police Department has its own sex offender registration and tracking unit and says it keeps tabs on the sex offenders and works to make sure the community safe, but can't keep people from living where the law allows. Sign in using your wftv profile Need a profile? Welcome back.
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This could change soon, however. A bill, sHB , currently before the General Assembly requires the Risk Assessment Board to use the risk assessment scale it develops to determine the sex offenders who should be prohibited from living within 1, feet of the property comprising an elementary or secondary school or a licensed center- or home-based child day care facility.
Danbury is the only city in this state known to have an ordinance restricting sex offenders ' residency. The ordinance prohibits sex offenders from entering a public park, playground, recreation center, bathing beach, swimming pool, sports field, or sports facility. Proponents of residency restrictions argue the need to safeguard potential victims and opponents argue the need to track offenders.
We have found no empirical studies on whether these laws reduce crime rates. Constitutional challenges to the laws and ordinances have been unsuccessful. States began trying to keep track of sex offenders over 50 years ago, when, in , California enacted the first sex offender registration law.
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Now all states have sex offender registration laws that help law enforcement agencies keep track of offenders ' movements. In the mid ' s states, following the federal government ' s lead, enacted community notification laws that require law enforcement agencies to inform residents of the identity and location of sex offenders in their neighborhoods. These notification laws caused people to complain to their local official when sex offenders moved into their neighborhoods.
As a result, five years after the first notification law the first sex offender residency and child safety zone restriction law was enacted in Texas. At least 21 states have laws restricting where registered sex offenders can visit or live.
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The most common type of restriction prohibits them from residing within a certain distance of specified places where children congregate. Distance markers generally range from 1, to 2, feet from the designated place; however, Illinois and South Dakota have foot distance markers.
Some states limit the restrictions to offenders 1 convicted of only the most serious offenses Arkansas, California, Indiana, and Louisiana or 2 most likely to reoffend based on some type of risk assessment Minnesota and Washington. Table 1 shows the 22 states, lists their relevant statutes, and describes the ban. Statutory Citations. A sex offender may not live or work within 2, feet of schools or childcare facilities.
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A level 3 or 4 most serious sex offender cannot live within 2, feet of schools or daycare centers. A sexually violent predator or a serious paroled sex offender cannot live within one-fourth of a mile of a school, and high-risk paroled sex offenders cannot live within one-half mile of a school, daycare center, or place where children congregate. A sex offender whose victim was under 18 years old cannot live within 1, feet of schools or places where children congregate.
No sex offender may live, work, or loiter within 1, feet of any school, childcare facility, school bus stop, or place where minors congregate. A child sex offender may not live within feet of a school or school property. A violent sex offender cannot live within 1, feet of any school property while on parole.