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Sampson County, North Carolina Genealogy
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Stokes County Register of Deeds P. Box 67 Danbury, NC Surry County Register of Deeds P. Box Dobson, NC Men in Sampson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company within a regiment that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Sampson County:. Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites.
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Sampson County Public Records | Search North Carolina Government Databases
To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here. From FamilySearch Wiki. United States. North Carolina. Sampson County. Adopt a page today. Draper, Utah: Everton Pub. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, , FHL Book Digital version at archive. Hidden category: Adopted pages. These Indians built good roads connecting the distant settlements with their principal seat on the Lumbee, as the Lumber River was Page 19 then called.
One of the great roads constructed by them can be traced from a point on Lumber River for 20 miles to an old settlement near the mouth of Hearts Creek, now Cross Creek. Another highway still bearing the name of Lowrie Road, and used at this day as a public road, extends from the town of Fayetteville, through Cumberland and Robeson counties, in a southwest direction toward an ancient Croatan settlement on the Pee Dee.
Henry Berry, the grantee previously mentioned, was a lineal descendent of the English Colonist, Henry Berry, who was left on Roanoke Island in Many of this tribe served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War and received pensions within the memory of persons yet living. The first settlement made was probably in what is now Sampson County on several small rivers, tributary to Black River. These were probably Big Coharie and Little Coharie.
It is impossible to ascertain at what date the tribe located in Robeson, but it is probable that they have resided there for years. According to their universal tradition they were located there long before the troubles with the Tuscaroras began in Some of the tribe fought under 'Bonnul' as they term Col. Barnwell, and we have reliable evidence that they brought home a few Mattamuskeet Indians as prisoners and slaves. The descendants of these Mattamuskeets had their traditions also. The name of Dare was not recognized by them in first investigation but we afterwards discovered that they pronounce the name variously as Darr, Durr, and Dorr.
This discovery was made when we related to an old chronicler of the tribe the story of Virginia Dare, the first white child born on American soil. The name Dorr appears on the muster roll of a company composed in part of Indians from Robeson County which served during that war, in the United States Army.
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Several chroniclers, or old persons who keep the traditions of the tribe, have informed us that there are families bearing the name of Dorr or Durr, to be found in the Western North Carolina who are claimed by the tribe as descended from the English Colonists of Roanoke. Page 20 These chroniclers affirm that the Dares, Coopers, Harvies, and others retained their purity of blood and were generally the pioneers in emigration.
Many names are corrupted, so that it is difficult to trace their history. The name of Goins was originally O'Guin, as appears from ancient court records. The name of Lumber, as applied to the river was originally Lumbee or Lombee.
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The name of Manteo is not familiar to them. While they have a tradition of their leader or chief who went to England, yet they have preserved no name for him. The nearest approach to the name Manteo, is Maino or Mainor. An old woman, whom we interviewed, spoke of their great man as Wonoke. This name may be a corruption of Roanoke, for we must remember Manteo was made Lord of Roanoke. These Indians are believed to be the lineal descendants of the Colonists left by John White on Roanoke Island in The migrations of the Croatan tribe from former homes farther to the east can be traced to their present home from former settlements on Black River in Sampson County.
The time of their removal is uncertain; but all traditions point to a time anterior to the Tuscarora War in , and it is probable that they were fixed in their present homes as early as During the eighteenth century they occupied the country as far west as the Pee Dee, but their principal seats were on Lumber River, in Robeson County, and extended along it for twenty miles.
In this war they took some of the Mattamuskeet Indians prisoners and made them slaves. Many of the Croatans were in the Continental Army; in the War of a company was mustered into the Army of the United States and members of the tribe received pensions for these services within the memory of the present generation; they also fought in the armies of the Confederate States. Politically they have had little chance for development. From to they had the right to vote, performed military duties, encouraged schools, and built churches; but by the Constitutional Convention of the franchise was denied to all 'free persons of color,' and to effect a political purpose it was contended by both parties that the Croatans came under Page 21 this category.
The convention of removed this ban; but as they had long been classed as mulattoes they were obliged to patronize the negro schools. This they refused to do as a rule, preferring that their children should grow up in ignorance, for they hold the negro in utmost contempt and no great insult can be given a Croatan than to call him 'a nigger.
Hamilton McMillan, who lived near them and knows their history, justice long delayed was granted them by the General Assembly of North Carolina. They were officially recognized as Croatan Indians; separate schools were provided for them and intermarriage with negroes was forbidden. Since this action on the part of the State they have become better citizens. They are industrious and frugal, and anxious to improve their condition. No two families occupy the same house, but each has its own establishment.
They have the prominent cheek bones, the steel-grey eyes, the straight black hair of the Indian. Those showing the Indian features most prominently have no beards. Their women are frequently beautiful; their movements are graceful, their dresses becoming, their figures superb. John S. Leary wrote Dr. Weeks from Fayetteville, N.
Quite a number who were connected with the Croatans in Robeson County left the State at different times. Senator Hiram R. Revels, his brother, Willis B. My father's mother was a Revel. She married an Irishman named O'Leary. Father was born in Sampson County, on the Big Coharie, his parents having moved to that countyy. In they came to Fayetteville, where father lived until he died in Father came from the 'Croatan' stock.
My mother was born in France, and was brought to this country by her parents in Father and mother were married in While there he formed an acquaintance with John Brown and went with him to Harper's Ferry n October, He was killed on the 17th day of October, It is a small brick house. I have a grand uncle, my father's mother's brother, living now in the Croatan settlement in Robeson County, years old. As soon as I can make it convenient to see him I will have a talk with him and put on paper whatever information I can get from him and give you the benefit of it.
White settlers came into Page 22 the middle section of North Carolina as early as and found the ancestors of the present tribe of Croatan Indians tilling the soil, holding slaves, and speaking English. The Croatans of today claim descent from the lost colony. Their habits, disposition, and mental characteristics show traces both of Indian and European ancestry. Their language is the English of three hundred years ago, and their names are in many cases the same as those borne by original colonists. No other theory of their origin has been advanced, and it is confidently believed that the one here proposed is logically and historically the best, supported as it is both by external and internal evidence.
If this theory is rejected, then the critics must explain some other way the origin of a people which, after the lapse of three hundred years, show the characteristics, speak the language, and possess the family names of the second English colony planted in the Western world. Tradition in regard to their ancient dwelling places on the tributaries of Black River in the present county of Sampson are more definite.